Natural Disasters - Hurricanes
Hurricane is the phenomenon for a cyclonic storm system that forms over the oceans. It is caused by evaporated water that comes off of the ocean and becomes a storm. The Coriolis Effect causes the storms to spin, and a hurricane is declared when this spinning mass of storms attains a wind speed greater than 74 mph. Hurricane is used for these phenomena in the Atlantic Ocean, tropical cyclone in the Indian, and 'typhoon in the eastern Pacific.
Hurricanes have different names in different areas, they are also known as typhoons, cyclones, and cyclonic storms. The word Typhoon is derived from the Chinese word 大風 which means Great Wind.
Tropical cyclones are usually formed in seven main basins including:
The Eye of a cyclone is an area of sinking air at the center of circulation. Weather in the eye is normally calm and free of clouds. The eye is normally circular in shape and can range from 8km to 200km in diameter.